Basel Cell Carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer. Not only is the most common skin cancer, but the most common of all cancers. Basel Cell Carcinoma affects nearly 1 million Americans each year. Men are affected more often than women, and generally occur in older individuals, although also occurring in young adults and even children. It occurs most frequently on sun-exposed regions of the body. Although, this cancer rarely spreads (metastasizes) to other organs of the body, it can cause destruction of surrounding tissue. People with one Basel Cell Carcinoma have a greater chance of developing others. Thus, early detection and treatment are needed.
Leading Causes of Development
- Chronic sun exposure, especially in people with fair skin, light hair and blue, green, or grey eyes.
- Burns, exposure to radiation, arsenical intoxication or chronic dermatitis (allergic reactions to specific allergens) are also contributing factors.
Signs of Indication
- Open sores, a reddish patch, a growth with an elevated border and a central indentation, a bump or nodule, and a scar-like patch.
After diagnosis, physician recommendation for therapy depends on the size, location and subtype of Basel Cell Carcinoma. Your age and general health is also taken into consideration.
- Excisional Surgery
- Radiation Therapy
- Mohs Micrographic Surgery
How You Can Protect Yourself
Because chronic overexposure to sunlight is the leading cause of Basel Cell Carcinoma, sun avoidance is an important preventative measure to help reduce the risk of developing skin cancer.
- Limit skin exposure to UV rays by wearing sunglasses, broad-brimmed hats, and protective tightly woven clothing
- Use broad-spectrum sunscreen (SPF-15 or higher) on all exposed skin including lips, even apply on cloudy days. Reapply sunscreen frequently.
- Avoid tanning parlors and artificial tanning devices.
Inspect your entire body regularly for any skin changes, especially those already mentioned, and routinely visit your dermatologist for a skin examination.